Monday, March 1, 2010

Effect Of House Type And Early Feed Restriction On Performance And Fat Deposition In Unsexed Broilers.

Urip Santoso
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Bengkulu University, Bengkulu Indonesia

Abtract: The present experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of house type and early feed restriction on performance and fat deposition of unsexed broilers. Four hundreds seven-day-old unsexed broilers (Arbor Acres CP 707) were distributed into eight treatment groups. Each treatment group was represented by five replicates of ten broilers each. Two types of house (cage vs litter) and four levels of feeding (ad libitum, 75% ad libitum, 50% ad libitum and 25% ad libitum) were tested as treatment factors.Broilers were feed-restricted for 6 days from 7 to 13 days of age and thereafter they were fed ad libitum. Feed intake of restricted broilers during restriction period was calculated from feed consumed by ad libitum group in the previous day. Results showed that unsexed broilers raised in litter had higher body weight (P<).05), lower abdominal fat and higher triglyceride concentration at 42 days of age (P<0.05), and lower liver fat and higher carcass percentage at 56 days of age (P<0.05). Early feed restriction reduced body weight of 42-days old unsexed broilers except for broilers fed 75% ad libitum. At 56 days of age, restricted broilers had similar body weight to those fed ad libitum. At 56 days of age, broilers fed 25% ad libitum had lower FCR (P<0.0%0, lower abdominal fat (P<0.05) and lower triglyceride concentration (P<0.05). In conclusion, unsexed broilers fed 25% ad libitum showed compensatory growth with better FCR and lower fat accumulation at 56 days of age. Broilers raised in litter had higher body weight and lower abdominal fat and liver fat deposition. (JITV, 7 (2): 84-89.

Key words: house type, early feed restriction, fat deposition, unsexed broilers

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